A Systematic Review of Alcohol and Other Drug Services for Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Communities in Australia

Despite the fact that Australia is a multi-cultural society and includes a large number of people from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CaLD) backgrounds, our understanding of the drivers of alcohol and other drug use, associated problems and appropriate treatments among CaLD communities in Australia is limited by the paucity of research with these groups. Nearly half of the Australian population was either born overseas (26%) or had at least one parent who was born abroad (19%). Some people from CaLD backgrounds face a variety of challenges when settling in Australia, for instance, they often need to learn a new language, adjust to new social and cultural norms, encounter financial difficulties, have fewer social supports and incur structural racism. Even though it appears that alcohol and other drug use among CaLD communities is lower than among the general population, some individuals from these communities are at increased risk of mental health issues including problematic use of alcohol and other drugs.